A dental extraction is the removal of teeth from the dental alveolus in the alveolar bone. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, but most commonly to remove teeth which have become unrestorable through tooth decay, periodontal disease or dental trauma, especially when they are associated with toothache.

Dental Extraction



The most common reason for extraction is tooth damage due to breakage or decay. Additional reasons for tooth extraction are as follows

  • Reduced cost compared to other treatments.

  • Severe tooth decay or infection. Despite the reduction in worldwide prevalence of dental caries, it is still the most common reason for extraction of (non-third molar) teeth with up to two thirds of extractions.

  • Supernumerary teeth which are blocking other teeth from coming in.

  • Severe gum disease which may affect the supporting tissues and bone structures of teeth.

  • In preparation for orthodontic treatment (braces).

  • Teeth in the fracture line.

  • Teeth which cannot be restored endodontically.

  • Fractured teeth.

  • Supernumerary, supplementary or malformed teeth.

  • Prosthetics; teeth detrimental to the fit or appearance of dentures.